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Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Monument of Governor Suryo

Statue Monument of Governor Suryo
is the respect presentation to the first East Java Governor who had killed caused of PKI rebellion in Madiun 1948. This monument located in accurate Apsari Park Complex Gubernur Suryo Street in front of Grahadi State Building.

Under that statue, there is Speech inscription at November 9th 1945 on 23.00 Pm in Nirom Broadcast, Embong Malang Street Surabaya (Nowadays is JW Marriott Hotel), that written: "Repeatedly we have told that our position is better fallen to pieces than colonized again. Also now in face ultimatum of English, we will hold firmly this position. We still refuse the ultimatum”.

It had declared on 10 November 1979 by Governor of the Chief of Region I of East Java Soenandar Prijosoedarmo. This monument had built by the chief of Region II of East Java Drs. Moenadji Widjaja initiative and the participation of Surabaya public.
Around this monument, applied as place of youngster gathering from various hobby clubs like motor devotee, car, etc, in the weekend. So invite the foods and drink merchants to take apart in it.

Recall Event of Madiun
Madiun event (Madiun Affairs) be a hardness conflict that happened in East Java in September - December 1948. This event had started with a proclamation of Soviet State of Republic Indonesia on 18 Septembers 1948 in Madiun by Muso, a whip Communist Indonesia with supported also by The Minister of Defense at that time, Amir Sjarifuddin.
At the same time there were abduction event of the elite figure in Madiun, also civil figure, government military and also religion figures. There were still controversies about this event. A number of people feel that PKI had masterminding this event but actually this event had engineering by New Era government (and some of Old Era perpetrators).

Help bargain from Dutch
In the early of Madiun conflict, Dutch government pretense offer a help to put to rout the rebellion, but the bargain clearly refused by republic government of Indonesia. The head of Indonesia military even consider, Dutch would soon exploit the situation to do total attack to armed strength of the Republic of Indonesia. Of course the left group that include Amir Syarifuddin Harahap, had built the strength to face the Government RI, what alleged have tended to stand up for AS.

After the proclamation of Indonesia independence by 17 Augusts 1945, emerge various organizations constructing their cadres, including left factions and Socialist faction. Besides merged into Pesindo (Indonesia Socialist Young Man), Indonesia Socialist Organization (PSI), there is also other left batches, for example Newsgroup Pecked, that initiative by Dayno, who live in Patuk, Yogyakarta. The follower of this newsgroup is not only from civil class like DN. Aidit, Syam Kamaruzzaman, but then also from military class and even some brigade commandants, for example Colonel Joko Suyono, Lieutenant Colonel Sudiarto (Brigade Commandant III, Division III), Lieutenant Colonel Soeharto (Brigade Commandant X, Division III. Then also become Commandant Wehrkreis III, and become President RI), Lieutenant Colonel Dahlan, Captain Suparjo, Captain Abdul Latief and Captain Untung Samsuri

In May 1948 with Suripno, the Indonesia agent in Praha, Musso, return from Moskow, Rusia. Date of 11 Augusts, Musso arrive at Yogyakarta and soon occupy again position of the leader in Indonesia Communist Organization. Many socialist politicians and troop commander had joint forces with Musso, such as; Mr. Amir Sjarifuddin Harahap, dr. Setiajid, newsgroup Patuk, etc.
The actions of each other kidnap and kill taking its rise, and each party expressed, that other party was starting the action.
Many heroic TNI, heroic police, religion leader, religious marionettes in Madiun and its surroundings had kidnapped and murdered.
Date of 10 Septembers 1948, East Java Governor RM Ario Soerjo (RM Suryo) car and 2 cars of heroic police were interdicted by the follower of PKI in Ngawi. To the third people had murdered and their dead body thrown in forest.
And so do dr. Muwardi from left faction, kidnapped and murdered. The accusation is thrown, that other party had doing the action.

Among who become the victim is Colonel Marhadi which his name is now immortalized with a Monument that stand in the middle of plaza Madiun city and name of main road in Madiun city.

Bisnis Pulsa Eranet | Kenali dan Kunjungi Objek Wisata di Pandeglang | Mencari Blogpreneur Sejati | Oes Tsetnoc

Monday, February 9, 2009

Joko Dolog Statue

Joko Dolog can be found on Taman Aspari Street. This statue is a Buddhist statue. It is said to have been made in the year 1289 in honor of the funeral of King Kertanagara, who was the last king of Singosari. It is believed to have been carried to Surabaya about 300 years ago. The statue can be found directly in front of the mansion of the governor of East Java, and the aroma of incense remains in the air as it is still a popular pilgrimage site.

A stone image of the Buddha Akshobya, curiously matching the description of the ‘"missing statue" at Candi Jawi, can be found today in a small secluded park in Surabaya. Known locally as Joko Dolog, the statue displays a lengthy Sanskrit inscription, carved neatly around its base. When it was translated for the first time early this century, the inscription was found to reveal important historical information dating from the period immediately prior to the founding of Majapahit. Translated in the year 1289 by a Buddhist scribe named Nada, the contents are roughly as follows

It is said that many years ago, the sage Mpu Bharada divided the land of Java into the kingdoms of Janggala and Panjalu (Kediri), with the purpose of settling a dispute between two brothers over succession. The division was created magically, by means of holy water sprinkled out of a jar from the sky. However, during the reign of Sri Wishnuwardhana the country was reunited to the joy and benefit of all. The ruler, of whom the statue is said to be a portrait, was Wishnuwardhana’s son, Kertanagara, who commissioned the image as a symbol of this unification.

The information contained in the Joko Dolog inscription is especially interesting because it appears to establish the authenticity of certain historical figures and events, previously known only from ancient Javanese literature. The story of the division of Java by the sage Mpu Bharada is of course well known, and refers to the reign of King Airlangga in the 11th century. On the other hand, by giving Wishnuwardhana the credit for having reunited the country, the inscription has cast some doubt upon the reliability of traditional literary sources. This is true in regards to the story of Ken Angrok and Ken Dedes, which has been dismissed by some as complete fabrication.

Yet, since the 1975 discovery of a number of inscribed copper sheets originating from the region of Kediri, new light has been shed on the early years of the Singosari period. Known as the inscription of Mula Malurung, issued by King Kertanagara in 1255, it mentions the names of Wishnuwardhana, Tohjaya, as well as a number of other kings who have previously been unknown to historians. Finally, and most interestingly, the Mula Malurung inscription appears to suggest the existence of Ken Angrok, thus at least confirming a historical basis for a story which was regarded almost entirely as a myth.

Sunday, February 8, 2009

Enjoyable Ambarawa

Ambarawa is located in Central Java, Indonesia. It’s about 30 Km south of the Provincial Capital Semarang and 75 Km nort of Yogyakarta (7° 15' 28" South and 110° 24' 19" East) . It’s on the main road between Semarang to Yogyakarta. In Javanese Language, 'Amba' means wide and 'Rawa' means swamp, so Ambarawa means Wide Swamp. It's refers to Lake Rawa Pening.

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There are several tourist spots in Ambarawa such Lake Rawa Pening, Train Museum Ambarawa a.k.a Koening Willem I Spoorweg, Losari Coffee Plantation Resort, Bandungan flower market, Candi Gedung Songo at the hills of Gunung Ungaran, and Fort Willem II.

  1. Lake Rawa Pening. Rawa Pening lake is a good object for those who like photography.
    Rawa Pening in The Morning (
    Rawa Pening in The Morning (

    Sunrise comes out from the other side of the lake and can be seen a simple daily activity from the locals, like fishermen are sailing on their boats early morning before the sunrise to catch the fish. The hills where visitors can see the sunrise named as Bukit Cinta (Love Hills in English).

    Reflection at Rawa Pening (
    Reflection at Rawa Pening (

  2. Train Museum Ambarawa (formerly named Koening Willem I – open in 1873). The Museum has a collection of old locomotives. The collection in the Ambarawa Museum comprises: Mountain Rail for Tourism, Old telephone, Old Morse telegraph equipments,Old tables, chairs and cupboards, Old bells and signal equipments, 21 locomotives. Visitors can charter the 9 kilometers Ambarawa-Bedono rack-track tourism train with mostly 6% gradient. The train is driven by a steam engine loco which use teak wood as fuel. Local snacks will be served during the tour. Here can be found old steam locomotives and carriages which remains memories nowadays.
    Railway Museum, Ambarawa
    Railway Museum, Ambarawa

    The return trip for the train with the capacity of 90 passengers costs Rp 1,500,000.Motor Lorry for the 5 kilometers Ambarawa-Jambu track is also available for a relatively cheaper fare. For More information you can contact Kantor Daerah Operasi IV PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Indonesian Railway Company, Region IV Office) Jalan Thamrin no. 3, Semarang. Phone 024 - 354 5382 or Museum Kereta Api Ambarawa (Ambarawa Railway Museum)Jalan Setasiun no. 1, Ambarawa. Phone 0298 - 91035.
  3. Losari Coffee Plantation Resort, ( at Bedono Station, the train will take you to Losari Coffee Plantation-Resort and Spa. The resort has plenty hectares of coffee plantation. They also plant herb plants in their plantation. Enjoy your lunch while observing the landscape surrounding and enjoying the view of five mountains in its verandah. Stay overnight in this Javanese architectural tranquil resort.
    Losari Coffee Plantation Resort, Ambarawa (
    Losari Coffee Plantation Resort, Ambarawa (
  4. Bandungan flower market. It's lies on the edge of Ungaran Mountain at height of 900 m above sea level about 7 km from Ambarawa City, Bandungan Village of Ambarawa Subdistrict. A very nice place to visit, cool, fresh and very close to nature mountainous atmosphere. Horsen touring to view the flowers, vegetables and herb plantation. A traditional market ready to offer various local merchandises, very delicious bean cake (tofu) and fresh bean milk. Hotels, villas, bungalows, open air rest-place, restaurants, fruit market are available here. Bandungan Hill resort with suberp freshair. Visiting the market can be a very enlighr tening experience with friendly faces. At the top of this hill there are many residences as well as resorts.
    Woman selling food for breakfast at Pasar Bandungan, Central Java - Indonesia
    Woman selling food for breakfast at Pasar Bandungan, Central Java - Indonesia

    Few kilometres away, you can visit the vegetation farms on the gradients of the hills, nicely terraced, one can even find tobacco leaves. Bandungan is also the main production area for cut flowers in Central Java. Bandungan produces cut flowers of aster, roses, tagetes, gerbera, dahlia, gladiolus, chrysanthemum, carnation, lily and amaryllis.

    Early morning at Flower Market Bandungan, Central Java - Indonesia
    Early morning at Flower Market Bandungan, Central Java - Indonesia
  5. Candi Gedung Songo, means nine building (temple). It's the eighth century Hindu temples of Gedung Songo scattered along the foothills around Gunung Ungaran. The nine temples are quite simple in their architecture, but the setting offers a superb view of Lake Rawa Pening and the surrounding mountains. Lies 5 km from Bandungan (appr. 15 minutes drive) toward the foot-hills of Ungaran Mountain ,at the height of 1,300-1,500 m above sea level. The Gedong Songo group of nine Hindu temples which was built in the middle of the 9th century,songo means nine. Visitors can enjoy the fresh air with mountain view including many more attraction here such as camping ground,hot water bathing, horse ride and hotel.
    Kedung Songo Temple
    Kedung Songo Temple
  6. Fort Willem II. It is built by the Dutch. Between 1942-1946 the Japanese used it as a camp for the Dutch men, women and children. Now, the Indonesian military use it, and there is also a military prison for men inside a part of the big building. Another part is still used as houses, some families live here. There is a big gate around it. You have to go to the backside if you want to see the inside and talk to the guards first.
    Fort Willem II, Ambarawa
    Fort Willem II, Ambarawa

Ambarawa is easily accessible from either Yogyakarta (about 2 hours by car, or 3 hours by bus) or Semarang. The roads are paved and smooth — except for the one linking Ambarawa to the complex, which is steep and rather narrow. A variety of accommodation and transportation are available.

For visitor from Jakarta, Capital City of Indonesia, they can take airplane to Semarang , by train or by Bus. If you use airplane, there are a lot of airplane company that can be choose, Garuda Indonesia, Mandala, Batavia, Sriwijaya, and Lion. If they like to travel by lain, they can use executive class train like Argo Muria, Argo Sindoro, Argo Bromo Anggrek, and Sembrani or very VIP Bus like Raya Bus Company, Kramat Jati Bus Company, and Nusantara Bus Company.

Travel agents in Semarang, Solo or Yogyakarta will be able to organise private transport (car or minibus) to get you there (travel times will be about 1 hour, 2 hours or 2½ hours respectively). Long distance buses between Yogyakarta and Semarang go through the town - if you get off opposite the military museum south of the town centre, it is 5/10 minutes walk down the hill to the museum. Coming by bus from Solo, you need to get down at the small bus station at Bawen at the major road junction north of Ambarawa and transfer to a Yogyakarta bus or one of the small local buses.

The bus from Semarang to Ambarawa (40 km) takes one hour. Yogyakarta to Ambarawa (90 km) via Magelang requires about three hours. Ambarawa is a good embarkation point for Wonosobo and the Dieng Plateau. Six to eight buses a day connect Ambarawa-Wonosobo-Purwokerto, or you can take a bus heading for Yogyakarta until Secang, then transfer to a bus to Wonosobo. In all, the Ambarawa-Wonosobo route takes about two hours.

There are small local hotels in Ambarawa whose rates range from Rp 200,000 for a single to Rp 900,000 for a three-bedroom villa. The rates may increase 30 percent over weekends and public holidays, but visitors are recommended to travel up to the nearby hill resort of Bandungan (there are regular minibuses taking just 10 minutes for those without their own transport) where there is accommodation to suit every pocket and good restaurants. However, try to avoid Bandungan at weekends (and school holidays, particularly in June/early July) when it gets very crowded with Indonesian tourists. During the week and out of season it is almost deserted except for local people attending the large fruit, vegetable and flower markets.

Here some of recomended hotel that you can use:

  1. Hotel Nugraha Wisata. Bandungan. Phone (0298) 711150/711501-Fax. (0298) 711499. email :
  2. Novotel Semarang Hotel. Jl. Pemuda 123, Semarang. Phone (024)3563000
  3. Losari Coffee Plantation Resort and Spa: Jln. Losari-Kragan, Magelang,, Tel: +62298-596333

The conventional time to visit Ambarawa is during the drier season which runs between May and September. As stated above it is best to avoid weekends and the school holidays. The best time is usually mid-week from mid-July through to the end of September. Even during the rainy season, it does not rain continuously! So, let's Enjoy Ambarawa!!!